the Gas Chambers ©
[PMO File BW 11/1, page
|OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS FOR
COKE-FIRED TOPF |
|Before charging the two hearths with coke, the two furnace
dampers and the main rotary damper in the chimney must be open.
The fire can now be lit and maintained, being sure to open
both secondary openings to the right and left of the cinder removal
doors (of the coke furnace).
Once the cremation chamber
(muffle) has been brought to a good red heat (approximately 800°C),
the corpses can be introduced one after the other in the cremation
Now the pulsed air blower situated to the side of
the furnace should be switched on and run for about 20 minutes,
ensuring that the two cremation chambers do not receive too much or
too little fresh air.
Regulation of the fresh air is by
means of a rotary valve in the air duct. In addition, the air
intakes, to the right and left of the chamber doors, should be half
As soon as the remains of the corpses have fallen from
the chamotte grid to the ash collection channel below, they should
be pulled forward towards the ash removal door, using the scraper.
Here they can be left for a further 20 minutes to be fully consumed,
then the ashes should be placed in the container and set aside to
In the meantime, further corpses can be introduced one
after the other into the chambers.
The two coke furnaces
must be fed with fuel from time to time.
Every evening, the
furnace fire bars must be cleaned of clinker and the cinders
In addition, care must be taken that at the end of
operations, as soon as the furnace. having burnt everything. is
empty and no coals remain, that all the air valves, doors and
dampers are closed, so that the furnace does not cool.
each incineration, the temperature rises in the furnace. For this
reason, care must be taken that the internal temperature does not
rise above 1100°C (white heat).
This increase in temperature
can be avoided by introducing additional fresh air.
of the gas chambers
© 1989, The
Beate Klarsfeld Foundation