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                        Technique and Operation
                            of the Gas Chambers ©
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Drawing 932(r) 
Drawing 932(r)

The follow modifications were made to adapt the Leichenkeller of Krematorium II to suit the new role of “special treatment”:   
1.   An access stairway from the exterior to the undressing room (Leichenkeller 2) was built. In the meantime a hut erected in the Krematorium yard was used as a temporary undressing room in the second half of March 1943;
2.  The direction in which the double door of Leichenkeller 1 opened was reversed (Drawing 2003 of 19/12/42, drawn hy Dejaco; 
3.  This double door was suhsequently reduced to a single, gas tight door; 
4.  The drainage system of Leichenkeller 1 was separated from the other drains in the west of the building and run direct to a sewer outside the building (drainage drawing, 1300, of 18/6/42); 
5 . The efficiency of the Leichenkeller 1 ventilation system was tested after introducing Zyklon-B in March 1943; 
6.  A wooden wall was built in front of the corpse chute, which caused problems with passage from Leichenkeller 2 to Leichenkeller 1 (order 204 at 18/3/43 for Krematorium II, sent to the DAW workshops); 
7.  4 heavy wire mesh columns with lidded chimneys above the roof for pouring Zyklon B were installed in Leichenkeller 1 (PMO file BW 30/43. page 12); 
8.   24 wooden dummy showers were installed in the ceiling of Leichenkeller 1 (PMO file BW 30/43, page 24 for the Krematorium III);  
9.   The 3 water tape in Leichenkeller 1 were removed (drawing 2197[b](r)). 
10.  Benches with clothes hooks on the wall above them were installed in Leichenkeller 2. 
11.  The area of Leichenkeller 3 was reduced (drawing 1311 of 14/5/42) then this morgue was eliminated altogether, having no use in the criminal context of Krematorium II (drawing 2003 of 19/12/42). 
Dimensions and volumes of the Krematorium II and III LeichenkellerI
Leichenkeller 1   30.00  7.00  210  2.41  506 
Leichenkeller 2  49.49  7.93  392.5   2.30  902.7 
Leichenkeller 3  12.30  5.58  68.6  2.31   158.5  
Technique and operation
of the gas chambers

Jean-Claude Pressac
© 1989, The Beate Klarsfeld Foundation
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