children five boys and five
girls between the ages of 6 and 18. |
Convoy 51, March 6, 1943 (Drancy)
Convoy 51 was
the second "reprisal" convoy, again taking close to a thousand Jews to Maidanek
and Sobibor. Like convoy 50, most of those deported in this convoy were men who
had been arrested at the end of February in a large roundup throughout the
former Unoccupied Zone, which the Germans had taken over in November 1942.
After leaving Drancy, the convoy regrouped at the camps of Gurs and Nexon.
Because the destination was supposed to require people fit for work, this
convoy only took two boys who were under 18.
Convoy 52, March 23, 1943 (Drancy)
Most of convoy
52 was made up of 780 Jews from Marseilles, taken in the large roundups there
between January 22 and January 24, 1943. They were first sent to the camp at
Compiègne, in the north, and then transferred to Drancy for departure
from there to the extermination camp of Sobibor. Sixty-six children under 18
42 boys and 24 girls were part of this convoy that went to
Sobibor and from which no one is known to have survived. Twenty-one of them had
been born in Marseilles; 11 were from Algeria; and four were from Salonica,
Convoy 53, March 25, 1943
Convoy 53 deported 121 children, 68 boys and 53 girls.
Like the three preceding convoys, its final destination was Sobibor. Among the
families in this convoy were Emilie Abergil (41) and her two children, Claude
(12) and Jacques (10); Rose Allouche (27) and her two children, Georges (7) and
Colette (4); the four Amar brothers, Elie (17), Maurice (15), Georges (14), and
René (8); Dora Chrzanowski (36) and her three children, Maurice (14),
Anna (9), and Berthe (4); Berthe Gozler (22) and her 7 month old infant Evelyn;
Rosa Levin with her three children, Louis (11) and twins Bernada and Micheline
(9); Sarah Lischtenstein (39) and her three children, Myriam (15), Philippe
(9), and Ginette (7); Vera Lichtenstein (28) with Eva (1); Esther Majerowicz
(37) with Michel (2); Jacky Muller (32) with Serge (2); Chana Schoumetzky (23)
with Nicole (9 months); and Rose Wiszniak with Jacques (9) and Robert (4).
Other children included Evelyn Herszberg (3); Denise Hirsch (4); Charlotte
Kamer (2); Chantal (9) and Jean-Pierre (4) Knabel; Louis Laski (5); and Rose
(10) and Paul (8 months) Perper.
Convoy 55, June 23, 1943 (Drancy)
no convoy 54. The Memorial to the Jews Deported from France, by Serge
Klarsfeld, discusses the error in numbering (p. 426).]
marked the beginning of SS Alois Brunner's tenure as commander of the Drancy
camp, and convoy 55 was the first to leave under his administration. Brunner
had been sent to Paris by Eichmann to help speed up the arrest and deportation
of Jews; he had recently completed the deportation of all of the Jews of
Salonica, Greece. One hundred twenty-four children were deported in this
convoy, 60 boys and 64 girls. Almost all were French-born.
CHILDREN OF THE HOLOCAUST