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The Holocaust History Project.
The Holocaust History Project.


A memorial
Serge Klarsfeld  

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arr.  arrondissement, one of the 20 districts of Paris.
Centre de Documentation Juive Contemporaine (Contemporary Jewish Documentation Center), created in 1943; located in Paris.

Conseil Répresentatif des Juifs de France (Representative Council of the Jews of France), formed in January 1944 to give diverse Jewish organizations a voice in setting policies and priorities for Jewish self-defense; since then the political organization of the French Jewish community.
EIF Eclaireurs Israélites de France (Jewish Boy Scouts of France).
Les Fils et Filles des Déportés Juifs de France (The Sons and Daughters of the Jews Deported from France).

Geheime Staatspolizei (Secret State Police). Given extraordinary powers under the SS in 1933, the Gestapo was charged with pursuing enemies of the Nazi state. After 1941, Gestapo Section IV B 4, commanded by Adolf Eichmann, became the main instrument for organizing the deportation and extermination of the Jews.
Milice A uniformed paramilitary force serving as Vichy's political police.
Mj-PP Photo archive: Mémoires juives - Patrimoine photographique (Paris).
Occupied Zone (Northern Zone) The part of France occupied by Germany after June 1940. Sometimes referred to as the Northern Zone after November 11, 1942.

A Jewish organization for promoting vocational and agricultural training. Started in Russia in 1880, before WWII it had training programs throughout Europe and in Palestine.  
OEuvre de Secours aux Enfants (Children's Welfare Organization), a Jewish organization.  
RSHA Reichssicherheitshauptamt (Reich Security Main Office), the structure under which Nazi Party police and German state security police systems were joined in 1939.

Sicherheitspolizei und Sicherheitsdienst (Security Police and Security Service). Separate state organizations until their 1939 merger into the RSHA, SiPo was the police arm and SD the intelligence service; the Gestapo was a SiPo division.

Schutzstaffel (Protection Squad). Formed as Hitler's personal guard force in 1923, the SS became Germany's most powerful police and terror organization. By World War II it controlled the police divisions, the concentration camps, 35 military divisions, and a huge industrial empire.

Union Générale des Israélites de France (General Union of the Jews of France), a Jewish council of all non-religious Jewish organizations, created under orders from Vichy in late 1941 (the Judenrat of France).
Unoccupied Zone (Vichy Zone;  Southern Zone) The part of France controlled by agreement with the Germans, by the collaborationist French government. Also known as the Vichy Zone, because the French government was located in the town of Vichy, or the Southern Zone after November 11, 1942.
Vel d'Hiv

Vélodrome d'Hiver (Winter Cycling Stadium). The Paris indoor sports arena where four thousand children with their mothers and fathers, rounded up July 16 and 17, 1942, were held for days without adequate facilities, before being sent to camps in the Occupied Zone and deported to the East.


A memorial
Serge Klarsfeld

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