Electronic Mail  27 May 2000





During the first quarterly period of the year 2000, the situation of human
rights and freedoms in Kosova was very grave. The cycle of violence spread
with the killing of citizens of all nationalities. Council for the Defence
of Human Rights and Freedoms based in Prishtina has registered 108 killings
(59 Albanians killed in Kosova and 8 Albanians killed in Presheva-Bujanoc,
17 Serbs, 5 Bosniacs, 17 are unidentified, a Russian soldier and a
foreigner, whose nationality is unknown), a murder attempt towards a Serb
and 9 murder attempts towards Albanians, 47 cases of woundings (7 in mine
accidents), 1 case of rape, 3 cases of kidnapping, 8 cases of disappearance,
131 cases of physical ill-treatment, etc.

The main source of insecurity and human rights violations remains Mitrovica,
which continues to be the epicentre of negative developments and a negative
sample for all mixed areas.

In Mitrovica, between 1 and 13 February, 12 Albanian civilians were killed
(5 women and 2 children), 40 people were wounded and tens were physically
ill-treated. KFOR troops arrested 58 Albanians and a Serb. Even though the
French troops had claimed that the late Avni Haradinaj had been a sniper, it
was confirmed that he was an unarmed civilian. According to the information
of the CDHRF, groups of Serbs have expelled 1500 Albanians from their flats
and houses in the northern part of Mitrovica. All this happened in the
presence of KFOR troops and international police.

During the period of January - March 2000, 430 cases of human rights
violations were registered in the northern part of the town.
During this period, killings under unknown circumstances were very common.
Council for the Defence of Human Rights and Freedoms based in Prishtina has
registered 80 such cases. One of the gravest cases was that of the Skenderi
family (Bosniac family). On 11 January, in the "Tusus" quarter in Prizren, 4
members of this family - spouses Sezair (52) and Anife (50), their daughter
Ardiana (21) and Sezair's mother Gjyla (78), were killed by unknown persons.
Council for the Defence of Human Rights and Freedoms has condemned this act
of violence.
CDHRF in Prishtina is very concerned because of the high number of killings
and has condemned these acts and at the same time has appealed to the
international community to urgently act in order to prevent the escalation
of violence. It has also appealed to the citizens of Kosova to restraint
themselves pointing out that every citizen must contribute to the prevention
of crime and to bring to justice those responsible for the crimes.
During this period, the violence against women in forms of harassment,
threats, kidnapping attempt, etc. was evident.  A very concerning phenomenon
is the trafficking of women and forcing them into prostitution. This has
become a business. The gravest case of sexual abuse, which resulted in the
violent death of the victim, happened in the vicinity of Vitia. On 13
January, the corpse of Merita Hamdi Shabiu (12) from DebŰllde was found in
the vicinity of Vitia. She was reported missing a day before. Prior to being
killed, she was raped. Sergeant Frank J. Ronghi (36), a member of KFOR
American troops, was accused for this crime. He was kept under arrest in the
prison of the American camp Bondsteel in Sojeva (Ferizaj) and later on taken
to the American military base in Manheim (Germany). There he will be under
The series of trials and convictions against the Albanians goes on. The
convictions range from 10 months to 20 years of imprisonment. According to
the information available to the CDHRF, during the very same period, 50
Albanians were convicted by Serbian courts. One of the convicted is Albin
Kurti. He was convicted to 15 years of imprisonment. Even those who are on
the run or are dead are being convicted. One of the Albanian lawyers called
Hysni Bytyši, as well as the Serbian ones, claim that during the
investigation, the statements from the accused were taken by the use of
violence. The legal proceedings were violated during the trials. The best
evidence for the violation of legal norms is conviction of the physician
Flora Brovina to 12 years of imprisonment as well as other women and the
underaged for "terrorism". Many local and international non-governmental
organisations on human rights as well as governments and well-known
personalities reacted against such violations. All of them demanded the
release of the prisoners. According to the sources of the Ministry of
Justice of Serbia, about 2100 Albanians from Kosova were in prisons of
Serbia last year. All these Albanians are charged for penal acts of
"hostility" and "terrorism". They are in the prisons of Nish, Leskovc,
Vranje, Prokuple, Zaješar, Pozharevc, Kraleva and Mitrovica e Sremit.
Council for the Defence of Human Rights and Freedoms based in Prishtina
registered over 1550 Albanians that currently are in the prisons of Serbia.
About 300 Albanians were released during this quarterly period. The released
stated that their families had paid sums of money between 5000 and 120000
As the Hague Tribunal investigators interrupted their activity due to the
cold weather, the CDHRF activists made their efforts to identify mass graves
and the personal things of the victims were exhibited in public places. Many
people, who had been considered as unaccounted for, were identified in this
The situation in this region continues to be very grave and tense. On 4 and
5 January, the trial against Riza Halimi, mayor of the municipality of
Presheva, and Sevdail Hyseni, a writer and a human rights activist, went on.
The situation is getting worse due to the frequent interventions of police
forces, killings, arrests, raids, kidnappings, lootings and control in the
demilitarised area. The interborder movement is prevented by policemen at
their checkpoints, who are ill-treating and looting passers-by. According to
the Sub-CDHRF in Bujanoc, during this period, 8 Albanians were killed in
different ways. After these incidents, thousands of inhabitants fled. They
were sheltered in Gjilan, Ferizaj, Vitia and Kamenica. Drivers of lorries,
buses and other vehicles are being looted at the police checkpoints set up
on the border with Kosova. They are forced to give money, gas or food to
Serbian policemen in order not to have problems while driving through the
checkpoint. In other cases, they cannot drive through without being insulted
on a national and family basis and ill-treated. A common phenomenon is
setting up the explosive devices in certain places. Human rights are
violated in these three municipalities. The gravest cases were as follows:
-killing of the brothers Isa and Shaip Saqipi by the Serbian police on 26
-kidnapping of Nebi Nuhiu, owner of the "Neza" Enterprise, on 2 February by
unknown persons;
-setting up explosive device in the flat of Sevdail Hyseni, a writer and
human rights activist, in Bujanoc on 10 February;
-killing of Osman Sylejmani from the village of TŰrnoc on 2 March;
-killing of Bahri Musliu from Verban (Bujanoc). He was killed in the
vicinity of the Serbian village of Levosoja.
According to the available data to the CDHRF, during the quarterly period,
there are no signs to prove that the situation of minority rights has
evolved in a positive direction compared to the last few months of 1999.
This counts mainly for the members of the Serbian, Bosniac, Goran and Roma
communities, whereas Hashkali community were not subjected to any kind of
violence. The Albanians, who live in the regions where they are minorities,
were subjected to all categories of violence. The problems, which minorities
face are as follows:
-limited freedom of movement
-house and flat usurpations
-burning of the houses of minorities
-due to insecurity, they do not enjoy the rights to education, medical care
and employment.
One of the gravest cases of attacks against minorities is the case when in
ăubrel, the UNHCR bus was attacked. Two elderly Serbs were killed and
several others were wounded. Below are given some of the cases:
On 18 January 2000, Gjorgjeviq Danillo (43) from Zaješar (Serbia) was killed
under unknown circumstances. The killing took place in the municipality of
On 2 February 2000, Jovanoviq Budimir (65) and Rajkoviq Pllana (53) were
killed in ăubrel.
The corpse of Gjukiq Zoran (52) from Suhadoll (Mitrovica) was found at the
place called "Kroi i Mbretit" on 14.03.2000.
On 23.03.2000, Vlahoviq Milka (73) from Prishtina was killed in Prishtina.
According to the available data to the CDHRF, 21 members of minorities were
killed. All killings happened under unknown circumstances.
Since the arrival of KFOR troops, the Sub-CDHRF in Mitrovica informs on
daily basis about beatings and ill-treatments of the Albanians in the
northern part of the town, which is controlled by the Serbs for the time
being. During the very same period, the Sub-CDHRF in Mitrovica registered 56
cases of ill-treatment, 8 of whom suffered heavy injuries, 105 psychological
ill-treatments, 9 shelled houses, 9 burned houses, 3 usurpations, 54
evictions of the Albanian families, etc. According to the eyewitnesses,
Serbian paramilitaries move freely in the northern part of the town. Members
of peacekeeping forces did not prevent violence and sometimes they
participate in the ill-treatment towards the Albanian population. Many cases
speak for themselves on what was happening in Mitrovica, Grašanica, Obiliq,
Viti, Kamenica and ShtŰrpca as well as all Serbian enclaves, which have
become source of conflicts.
Apart from many cases of ill-treatments, attacks, blasts in Mitrovica,
similar cases took place in Istog, ShtŰrpca, FushŰ Kosova, Viti, Gjilan,
Obiliq, Podujeva, Lipjan, Mitrovica, Prishtina, etc. In all these places,
CDHRF registered different cases of human rights violations.
On 2 January, Serbian paramilitaries in Grašanica attacked the "PŰrparimi"
bus from Kamenica. During the recent holidays, the "Alpescommerce" and
'Kosovatrans" buses travelling between Gjilan and Prishtina were attacked as
well. Considerable material damage was caused.
On 3 January, at about noon, a group of Serbs beat and physically Ramiz
Xheladin Hoti (39) and his sister Naxhije (41). The incident occurred in the
vicinity of the place called Polet, in the "Ibri" quarter, in the northern
part of the town. Ramiz suffered heavy injuries. During the evening hours,
Serbian snipers from the northern part of the town opened fire towards the
southern part of Mitrovica. Such cases of violence in Mitrovica occurred
during the month of January.
On 7 January, at about 14.00, in Kishnica Serbs blocked the road
Prishtina-Gjilan and threw stones to the Albanian cars and bus in the
presence of KFOR troops. The bus and the cars could pass with the help of
KFOR troops. While driving through Grašanica, Serbs chanted slogans and
provoked Albanians. Some of them attempted to attack an elderly wearing a
white turf, but were prevented by KFOR. Some Albanian youngsters got off the
bus to protect the man and afterwards started to exchange stones and bottles
with Serbs. KFOR troops prevented further escalation.
On 24 January, in Berivojca (Kamenica), local Serbs attacked and ill-treated
passers-by, among them Fadil Kovani from Koretin (Kamenica) in the presence
of KFOR Russian soldiers.
During the very same period, there were KFOR and UNMIK interventions in some
Albanian villages and houses all over Kosova. Raids, arrests and
ill-treatments were reported. Such interventions occurred in Malisheva,
Gjakova, Mitrovica, Prishtina, Kamenica, Viti, FushŰ Kosova, Suhareka,
SkŰnderaj, Lipjan, Dešan and Gllogoc.
On 24 February, three underaged Albanians attacked a Serbian old woman in
FushŰ Kosova. Later on, they were arrested by Norwegian soldiers.
On 4 February, at about 22.30 in Mušibaba, a village on the border with
Serbia, 13 armed Serbian policemen in black opened fire towards the houses
of this village.
On 3 March, in the evening, unknown persons threw a hand grenade at the
house of Jovan Karaxhiq in Kishnica.
On 11 March, in Gotovusha, a large group of Serbs attacked 30 Albanians, who
were visiting their houses in Biti e Poshtme under the escort of KFOR. The
Albanians claimed that KFOR Polish and Ukrainian soldiers did not react at
On 11 March, in FushŰ Kosova, there was an attempt for burning the house of
a Serb, but the KFOR fire brigade managed to put the fire out.
On 25 March, in the buffer zone on the border with Serbia, a tank and an
armoured car of the Yugoslav Army entered the region of Orllan. On 30 March,
a Serbian police jeep entered the region of Merdar. Afterwards, British
soldiers intervened and warned to react if the security of Kosova is
threatened and the Military Technical Agreement of Kumanova is violated.
The following factors affect the situation:
-3500 unaccounted for, of whom 400 are members of minorities and 3100 are
-1500 Albanians kept as hostages in the prisons of Serbia
-rigged political trials against the Albanians
-escalation of violence towards the Albanians in the municipalities of
Bujanoc, Medvegja and Presheva
-institutional vacuum
-non-efficiency of the UNMIK police and the exclusion of the local police
-the refusal of Serbs to cooperate with UNMIK and the Albanians
-usurpations of flats, houses and business premises of minorities
-the denial of the rights of pensioners
-the insufficient engagement for the rehabilitation of sexually abused
women, war invalids and orphans
-the insufficient engagement of the Albanian factor in human rights
protection in general and minorities in particular
-the announcement of the repatriation of refugees from the Western
To the international community:
-to engage itself in the release of the Albanian hostages
-to ensure information on the missing people
-to intervene with the western countries to repatriate refugees in a
selective way
-to form functional institutions
-to speed up the reconstruction process
-to authorise the local police
-to deal with the endangered social categories
-to firmly fight corruption and crime
To the Albanian factor:
-to help in ensuring information on the missing people
-to engage more for the release of the Albanian hostages
-to pay more importance to the respect of human rights
-to engage more for the protection of the rights of minorities
-fight corruption and crime through legal mechanisms
To minorities:
-to help in ensuring information on the missing people
-to cooperate with UNMIK and the Albanians
-to condemn the crimes perpetrated on the Albanians by the Serbian regime
-not to be instrumentalised by the same regime
Council for the Defence of Human Rights and Freedoms has warned on the
escalation of violence, the victims of which are the citizens of Kosova
regardless of their nationality. CDHRF, as an institution dealing with the
protection of human rights and freedoms, respects the UN Universal
declaration on Human Rights and will document all violations regardless of
nationality, condemn all violators and engage itself in bringing those
responsible before court.
In the period of January - March, 108 people were killed in Kosova, of whom:
Albanians: 59
female - 12
male - 47
elderly - 5
Serbs: 17
female - 1
male - 16
elderly - 3
Bosniacs: 5
female - 3
male - 2
underaged - 1
Unidentified: 17
A Russian soldier and a foreigner, whose nationality is unknown, were
80 persons out of the total of 108 were killed under unknown circumstances.
8 Albanians were killed in the region of Presheva, Bujanoc and Medvegja.
Rr. Zdrini, 38000 PrishtinŰ-KosovŰ; tel. 381 (0) 549006  fax: 381 (0) 38 549007
Information Service
Halime Morina
Document compiled by Dr S D Stein
Last update 31/05/2000
ęS D Stein
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