Source of extracts: http://www.sunsite.unc.edu/pha/policy/1945/450802a.html
Tripartite Agreement by the United States, the United Kingdom and Soviet
Russia concerning Conquered Countries, August 2, 1945.
On July 17, 1945, the President of the United States of America, Harry S.
Truman; the Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the Union of Soviet
Socialist Republics, Generalissimo J. V. Stalin, and the Prime Minister of Great Britain,
Winston S. Churchill, together with Mr. Clement R. Attlee, met in the Tripartite
Conference of Berlin. ...There were nine meetings between July 17 and July 25.
The Allied armies are in occupation of the whole of Germany and the German people have
begun to atone for the terrible crimes committed under the leadership of those whom in the
hour of their success, they openly approved and blindly obeyed.
Agreement has been reached at this conference on the political and economic principles
of a coordinated Allied policy toward defeated Germany during the period of Allied
The purpose of this agreement is to carry out the Crimea Declaration on Germany. German
militarism and nazism will be extirpated and the Allies will take in agreement together,
now and in the future, the other measures necessary to assure that Germany never again
will threaten her neighbors or the peace of the world.
The text of the agreement is as follows:
The political and economic principles to govern the treatment of Germany in the initial
A. POLITICAL PRINCIPLES.
3. The purposes of the occupation of Germany by which the Control Council shall be
(I) The complete disarmament and demilitarization of Germany and the elimination or
control of all German industry that could be used for military production. To these ends:
(A) All German land, naval and air forces, the S.S., S.A., S.D., and Gestapo, with all
their organizations, staffs and institutions, including the general staff, the officers'
corps, re, serve corps, military schools, war veterans' organizations and all other
military and quasi-military organizations, together with all clubs and associations which
serve to keep alive the military tradition in Germany, shall be completely and finally
abolished in such manner as permanently to prevent the revival or reorganization of German
militarism and nazism.
(III) To destroy the National Socialist Party and its affiliated and supervised
organizations, to dissolve all Nazi institutions, to insure that they are not revived in
any form, and to prevent all Nazi and militarist activity or propaganda.
(IV) To prepare for the eventual reconstruction of German political life on a
democratic basis and for eventual peaceful cooperation in international life by Germany.
4. All Nazi laws which provided the basis of the Hitler regime or established
discrimination on grounds of race, creed, or political opinion shall be abolished. No such
discriminations, whether legal, administrative or otherwise, shall be tolerated.
5. War criminals and those who have participated in planning or carrying out Nazi
enterprises involving or resulting in atrocities or war crimes shall be arrested and
brought to judgment. Nazi leaders, influential Nazi supporters and high officials of Nazi
organizations and institutions and any other persons dangerous to the occupation or its
objectives shall be arrested and interned.
6. All members of the Nazi party who have been more than nominal participants in its
activities and all other persons hostile to Allied purposes shall be removed from public
and semipublic office and from positions of responsibility in important private
undertakings. Such persons shall be replaced by persons who, by their political and moral
qualities, are deemed capable of assisting in developing genuine democratic institutions
VII. WAR CRIMINALS
The three Governments have taken note of the discussions which have been proceeding in
recent weeks in London between British, United States, Soviet and French representatives
with a view to reaching agreement on the methods of trial of those major war criminals
whose crimes under the Moscow Declaration of October, 1943, have no particular
The three Governments reaffirm their intention to bring those criminals to swift and
sure justice. They hope that the negotiations in London will result in speedy agreement
being reached for this purpose, and they regard it as a matter of great importance that
the trial of those major criminals should begin at the earliest possible date. The first
list of defendants will be published before Sept. 1.
Pamphlet No. 4, PILLARS OF PEACE
Documents Pertaining To American Interest In Establishing A Lasting World Peace:
January 1941-February 1946
Published by the Book Department, Army Information School,
Carlisle Barracks, Pa., May 1946